Chatto

Chatto

Chatto, Chiricahua Apache, 1854 yilda tug'ilgan. U jangchi bo'lib, Arizona va Nyu -Meksiko ko'chmanchilariga bir necha reydlar uyushtirgan.

Oxir -oqibat u general Jorj Krukga taslim bo'ldi va uning qo'lida skaut sifatida xizmat qildi. Bu 1883 yildagi Sierra Madrega qilingan ekspeditsiyani o'z ichiga oladi.

1886 yilda Chatto Vashingtonga tinchlik delegatsiyasini olib keldi va unga prezident Chester Artur kumush medalni topshirdi. Qaytib kelgach, u Fort Stillda skaut sifatida xizmat qilgan.

1913 yilda Chatto va uning oilasi Nyu -Meksiko shtatining Meskalero qo'riqxonasida yashash uchun ketishdi.

Chatto 1934 yil 13 -avgustda avtohalokat natijasida vafot etdi.

Biz Vernon tog'ining kichik stantsiyasiga ertalab soat 8 da etib keldik. Qishloq kambag'al, qumli va mayda qarag'ay o'sgan. Bir yo'l bizni kazarmaga olib bordi. Vokzalda tez yordam mashinasi bor edi va serjant, bizning "keksa janob" general Kruk ekanini bilguncha kirganimizdan norozi edi.

Barakka yaqinlashish, har ikki tomonida ajoyib yashil daraxtlar bor edi. Ustun devor bilan o'ralgan, balandligi 12 metrdan 16 metrgacha, yonma -yon joylashtirilmagan. U knyazda va Tombigbee "orqa suvining" tepasida joylashgan.

Biz to'g'ridan -to'g'ri CO uyiga bordik, qo'ng'iroq qildik va qabul qildik. Xizmatkordan boshqa hech kim o'rnidan turmadi. Ko'p o'tmay Kellog xonim, keyinroq polkovnik tushdi. Bundan tashqari, qizi yoki jiyani bor edi. Ular bizni kutishmagan. Biz kelayotganimizni bilmas edik, kechirim so'radik va hokazo.

Uzun, qora sochli hindistonlik yigit generalni ko'rdi va biz nonushta qilishdan oldin. Chihuahua tashqarida, kutib turardi. U generalni ko'rganidan juda xursand bo'lib tuyuldi. Kaetena unga qo'shildi va biz qal'a darvozasi tashqarisida joylashgan hind qishlog'iga bordik. Ular o'zlari uchun qurilgan kichkina yog'och kabinalarda yashaydilar. Darvoza oldida bizni juda ko'p hindular kutishardi. Chatto chiqib, generalning oldiga bordi va unga samimiy tabrik yo'lladi. U qo'lidan ushlab, boshqasi bilan xuddi bo'ynidan mahkamlagandek ishora qildi. Go'yo u o'z quvonchini izhor qilganday edi, lekin bunday erkinlikni olishdan qo'rqardi. Bu ta'sirli ko'rinish edi.

Apachilar general haqida to'planishdi, qo'l berib, zavqlanib kulishdi. U o'sha erda edi, degan xabar tarqaldi va atrofdagilar uzoqdagilarga baqirishdi va biz bilan poezd biz bilan harakatlanmaguncha, ular har tomondan yugurishdi.


Chatto va amp

Chatto va amp Viktoriya davrida asos solingan Londondagi kitoblarning mustaqil nashriyotchisi edi. U 1987 yilda Random House tomonidan sotib olingan.

Chatto va amp
Bosh kompaniyaPingvin tasodifiy uyi
Tashkil etilgan1855 166 yil oldin (1855)
Ta'sischiJon Kamden Xotten, Endryu Chatto, V. E. Vindus
Ishlab chiqaruvchi mamlakat; ta'minotchi mamlakatBirlashgan Qirollik
Bosh qarorgoh joylashgan joyLondon, Angliya
Rasmiy veb -saytwww.penguin.co.uk/company/publishers/vintage/chatto-windus.html


Chatto - tarix


Jatto Jorjiya shtatining Chattooga okrugi va Summerville, Trion, Lyerli va Menlo shaharlarining foto tarixiga bag'ishlangan Chattooga Photo History veb -saytiga xush kelibsiz. Ehtimol, siz ko'rgan fotosuratlarning ba'zilari tabassum yoki ko'z yoshini olib keladi, yoki shunchaki siz bilgan joylar va odamlarni eslatadi. Qanday bo'lmasin, umid qilamanki, ular sizga yoqadi.

Men Chattooga Photo History -ni 2010 yilda boshlaganman va uni har besh yilda yangilab turardim. Boshqa qiziqishlar tufayli men endi saytni yangilamayman, lekin siz baribir besh yillik fotosuratlar va xususiyatlardan bahramand bo'lishingiz mumkin. Chattooga fotosuratlarining boshqa manbalari uchun havolalar sahifasiga qarang.

Chapdagi "Xususiyatlar va bo'limlar" pastki kataloglarini bosing va Jorjiya shtatining Chattooga okrugining yuzlab eski fotosuratlarini toping.








Baxtli ko'rish!

Greg Makkollum, muharrir



"Ikki bit, to'rt bit, olti bit, bir dollar. Hammasi Chattooga fotosuratlari tarixi uchun, o'rnidan turib, noling!"


Uning nechta farzandi bor?

Er -xotinning ikkita farzandi bor.

24 yoshli Samuel Devid Benedikt Britaniya taxtining vorisligi bo'yicha 27 -o'rinda.

22 yoshli Artur Robert Nataniel Britaniya taxtining vorisligi bo'yicha 28 -o'rinda.

Ikkala o'g'il ham Eton kollejida o'qishgan.

Samuel Edinburg universitetini "San'at tarixi" mutaxassisligi bo'yicha tamomlagan.

U hozir kulolchilik bilan shug'ullanadi, Artur hozirda Edinburg universitetida o'qiydi.

Quyoshdan ko'proq

Bill Kosbi jinsiy zo'ravonlik ayblovi bekor qilinganidan keyin qamoqdan ozod qilindi

Devonda topilgan boshsiz va x27 jasad, 220 mil uzoqlikda g'oyib bo'lgan ayol bedarak yo'qolgan

Yanvar oyidan buyon Covid holatlarining eng ko'p o'sishi 26k bilan, lekin kunlik o'lim darajasi pastligicha qolmoqda


Familiyasi: Chatto

Chatto sifatida yozilgan, bu asl va mashhur shakl, Chattoe va Chettoe, bu qadimgi Shotlandiya mahalliy familiyasi. Bu sobiq Roksburgshir grafligidagi Xunam cherkovidagi Kale suvi daryosi bo'yidagi Chatto erlari deb nomlanuvchi mulkdan kelib chiqadi. Bu birinchi Shotlandiya familiyalaridan biri bo'lib, 1198 yilda Uilyam de Chetu charter guvohi bo'lgan. Ko'p o'tmay, bizda 1214 yilda Uilyam de Chattuning yozuvlari bor edi, bu dastlabki nizomlar kamdan -kam hollarda aniq sanaga ega edi, Aleksandr esa. de Chatto 1255 yilda Roksburgning konsteliysi edi. -> Bu o'sha paytdagi eng oliy fuqarolik hokimiyati edi, bu Angliya va Shotlandiya o'rtasidagi chegaradosh mamlakatdagi oilaning mavqeini ko'rsatdi. Boshqa dastlabki yozuvlar orasida 1298 yilda Ederxemning vikari bo'lgan Uilyam de Chattou bor, 1322 yilda mashhur qirol Robert, Bryus, aniqrog'i Robert 1 -Shotlandiya, Roxburgdagi ba'zi erlarni Jon de Chattoga tasdiqlagan. Familiya 1603 yilda qo'shma monarxiya davriga qadar, turli milliy va mintaqaviy nizomlarda paydo bo'lishni davom ettirdi, shotlandiyalik Jeyms V1 -chi, shuningdek, Angliyaning 1 -Jeymsiga aylandi. U erdan ikki mamlakat asta -sekin o'sib bordi va bu harakat ma'lum darajada chegara oilalarining kuchini cheklab qo'ydi.

© Mualliflik huquqi: Ism kelib chiqishi tadqiqotlari 1980 - 2017


Shatto hikoyasi

Hammasi 1800 -yillarning oxirida, aniqrog'i, uch avlod oldin - Minni Porter Jorj Uinstidga uylanganidan boshlangan. Er -xotin hozir Shatto Milk kompaniyasi joylashgan erni sotib olib, dehqonchilik qila boshladilar.

Bir necha yil fermada bo'lganidan so'ng, Minni va Jorjning besh farzandi bor edi: Frank, Uilyam, Jek, Anna Lusil va Meri Elis. Yigirma yil o'tgach, oila yana bir bor o'sdi, kichkina Jorjiya Frensis baxtli ajablanib bo'ldi.

Ba'zi bolalar o'sib, oilaviy fermadan ketishganida, Meri Elis va Jek qoldi. Jorjiya, eng yoshi, Ivan Koks ismli kishiga uylandi. Vaqt o'tib, ularning kasaba uyushmasi ularni oilaviy fermaga olib keldi, u erda Ivan Gruziyaning singlisi Meri Elis bilan hamkorlik qildi. Ikkalasi sut mahsulotlarini ishlab chiqarish bilan shug'ullanishdi, ko'p yillar davomida Meri Elis nafaqaga chiqqunga qadar yaqindan hamkorlik qilib, xo'jalik boshqaruvini Ivanga topshirishdi.

1940 -yillarning oxirida, Jorjiya va Ivan o'z oilalarini boshladilar, ularning uchta farzandi bor edi: Ester, Din va Barbara. Oxir -oqibat, Barbara siz taniy oladigan familiyasi bo'lgan odamga uylanadi - Leroy Shatto. 1980-yillarning o'rtalarida Ivan nafaqaga chiqqanida, u Leroy va Barbara oilaviy fermasini tark etdi.

1990 -yillarning boshlarida, boshqa mahalliy sut fermalari, sut kooperativlari tomonidan quyma sut uchun to'lanadigan sut narxining pastligi sababli, o'z faoliyatini to'xtatdi. 1990-yillarning o'rtalariga kelib, Jorj va Minni boshlagan fermer xo'jaligi endi o'zini tuta olmadi va Shattos o'z kelajagi haqida gapira boshladi.

2001 yilda Leroy va Barbara Shatto qolgan sigir podasidan sut quyish g'oyasini o'rganishni boshladilar. Ular Kanzas-Siti va Sent-Jozef aholisini bozorda eng yangi, eng mazali sut bilan ta'minlamoqchi edilar. Sut to'g'ridan -to'g'ri mahalliy oilaviy fermasidan.

2003 yil 4-iyun kuni Shatto Milk kompaniyasi Kanzas-Siti metrosi hududidagi 10 tagacha chakana savdo do'konlariga o'zining birinchi fermasini etkazib berdi. Leroy va Barbaraning orzusi amalga oshdi - oilaviy fermer xo'jaligi saqlanib qoldi.

O'sha yillar oldin Jorj va Minni Uinstid ushbu fermani sotib olgan kundan boshlab, u haqiqatan ham oilaviy fermaga aylandi. Bugun bizning oilamiz fermaga va siz, qo'shnilarimizga bo'lgan bag'ishlanishimiz har qachongidan ham kuchliroq.


Apache xoinmi yoki qahramonmi? Tarix Chattoga qanday qarash kerak.

Chatto miltiqni ushlab turadi va mokasin etiklarini kiyadi, choyshab, adyol, bo'yniga ro'mol va boshiga ro'mol kiyadi, bu 1884 yilda Frank A Randall.
- Barcha fotosuratlar haqiqiy G'arbiy arxivlar -

1886 yilda, Geronimo Bowie pichog'ini, Vinchester miltig'ini va Arizona o'lkasidagi Skeleton Kanyonidagi AQSh armiyasiga topshirgan apachelar guruhidan voz kechib, Apache urushlarini tugatganda, sobiq do'sti va oxirgi dushmani Chatto 27 yil xizmat qila boshladi. qamoqxona lageri.

Hammamiz Geronimo haqida bilamiz. U Amerika ikonasiga aylandi. Ammo Chatto kim edi va nima uchun odamlar u haqida bilishmaydi?

1854 yilda Kochisaning Chiricahuas guruhida tug'ilgan Chatto atigi etti yoshda edi, Kochise amerikaliklar bilan halokatli to'qnashuvdan so'ng to'liq urush e'lon qildi. Chatto u o'sib ulg'ayganida Kochise, amakisi Mangas Koloradas va Geronimo bilan birga yurgan va ularga Arizona shtatining janubi-sharqini yonib ketgan cho'lga aylantirishga yordam bergan.

U 18 yoshda edi, Kochise "Buzilgan o'q" tinchlik shartnomasini imzolaguncha va Chirikaxua tog'lari yaqinidagi an'anaviy tepish joylaridan o'yilgan erga joylashgunga qadar. U erda Chatto uylandi va oila qurdi. Ammo tinchlik uzoq davom etmadi.

1874 yilda Cochise tabiiy sabablarga ko'ra vafot etganidan so'ng, AQSh hukumati rezervasyonlarni birlashtirdi, Chiricahuasning Cochise Chokonen guruhini yaxshi joydan, yomondan: issiq, nafratlangan va nosog'lom San -Karlosga ko'chirdi.

U 25 yoshli oqsoqoli Geronimo bilan bog'lanib, meksikalik reider sifatida zo'ravonlik faoliyatini boshladi.

Do'st

Geronimo va uning qaynotasi Juxdan buyruq olgan Chatto, Meksikaning ko'plab qishloqlari, xo'jaliklari va minalariga reyd uyushtirdi va u Nyu-Meksiko hududida qo'lga olinib San-Karlos zanjiriga zanjir bilan olib ketildi.

Korrupsiya va apachilar kasalligini yuqtirgan kasalliklar tufayli oziq -ovqat tanqisligiga qaramay, ikkalasi ham zaxiraga olishdi. Burilish nuqtasi, armiya mashhur Apokachi rezervasyonida Nokaydetklinni hibsga olib, qo'zg'olonni qo'zg'atdi va 1881 yilda o'sha dorini o'ldirdi. yana bosqinchilikni boshlash uchun Meksikaga yugurdi.

Bu reydlardan birida Chatto oilasidan ayrildi. 1883 yil fevral oyida Meksika armiyasi erkaklar yo'qligida lagerga hujum qilib, taxminan 35 apache ayol va bolasini asirga oldi. Mahbuslar orasida Chattoning rafiqasi Ishchosen, to'qqiz yoshli Bedisklov va olti yoshli Naboka bor edi. Bu xabar Chattoni vayron qildi. U oilasini qaytarish bilan ovora edi.

Chatto birinchi marta shu vaqtda jamoatchilik e'tiboriga tushdi. Apachilarga meksikaliklar bilan jang qilish uchun ko'proq qurol va o'q -dorilar kerak edi, Chatto ularni olish uchun reyd o'tkazardi.

Geronimo 1884 yilda miltig'i bilan tiz cho'kdi, Chatto ustozi bo'ldi, faqat AQSh hukumati himoyachisini yo'qotdi.

Chatto va 21 Apache 40 ga yaqin nishonga etib, tirik qolmagan. 1883 yil 28-martda Nyu-Meksiko shtatining Silver Siti va Lordsburg o'rtasida taniqli sudya Xamilton Makkomosani otib o'ldirishdi, uning go'zal xotinini tuhmat qilishdi va uning olti yoshli o'g'li Charlini o'g'irlab ketishdi. Milliy shov -shuv ko'targan, hamma apachilarni yo'q qilishni talab qilgan bolakaydan yana hech kim eshitmadi.

General Jorj Kruk beg'ubor Serra Madre tog'larida yashirinadigan joyning markazida xiyonatkorlardan yugurdi. Uning qo'shinlari va Apache skautlari Chatto lagerini topib, uni vayron qilishdi. Armiya ularni topib olganidan hayron bo'lib, ko'pchilik apachilar o'sha erda taslim bo'lishdi yoki o'z xalqini yig'ib olishlari bilan zahiraga kelishga va'da berishdi.

Hozircha, Chatto oilasini jang, muzokara yoki poraxo'rlik yo'li bilan qaytarib ololmasligini tushundi. U yotoqxonada yotib qolgan 19 qabila odamini rezervasyonga olib keldi. Boshqalar, shu jumladan Geronimo ham tez orada ularga ergashdi. Chattoning ustozi endi Geronimo emas, balki general Kruk edi.

Crook Chatto bilan shartnoma tuzdi. Chatto armiya bosh skauti bo'lib xizmat qiladi va Apache urushlarini tugatadi, va Crook diplomatik ravishda Chatto oilasini topib, ularni AQShga qaytarishga harakat qiladi.

Chatto skautlar serjanti vazifasini jiddiy qabul qildi. U qo'shinlarga Apachilarni bron qilish va mahalliy pivo - tisvinni haddan tashqari ko'p ichishlarini kuzatishga yordam berdi. Geronimo va boshqalar uni josus va sotqin deb atay boshlashdi.

Bu juftlik har birining kelajak haqida o'ylashiga mutlaqo qarshi edi. Geronimo hamma apachilar o'lishiga ishonishgan, shuning uchun ular bron qilishdan ko'ra tekin o'lishi mumkin, Chatto esa apachening qanday o'lganligi uning qanday yashayotgani kabi muhim emasligini ta'kidlagan. Uning mantrasi tinchlik manbayiga aylandi.

Chattoni yo'ldan qaytarish uchun, keyingi qochish urinishi uchun, Geronimo ikkita amakivachchasiga Chatto va armiya leytenantini o'ldirishni buyurdi. Ammo Geronimoning zarbali odamlari sovuq oyoqlarga tushib qolishdi.

Buzilgan rejalar haqida eshitgach, Chatto Geronimoni ag'darish uchun astoydil ishga kirishdi. U skautlar guruhlarini yovvoyi tabiatga olib chiqdi, bir necha hafta va oylar davomida cho'l va tog'lar ustidan dindorlarni kesib tashlashga harakat qildi. U Chihuaxua lagerini muvaffaqiyatli topdi, Chihuaxuaning akasi Ulzanani yarador qildi va Geronimoning xotinlaridan biri bilan birga uning oilasini asir oldi.

Qasos sifatida Ulzana Arizona shtatida Chattoni o'ldirish uchun bostirib kirdi va Geronimo xotini olish uchun Fort Apachega bostirib kirdi. Ularning o'ldirilishi hukumatni barcha Chirikaxualarni olib tashlash uchun ko'proq bosim o'tkazdi.

Bosh Chihuahua 1886 yilda o'z kichik guruhini taslim qilganida, hukumat darhol uni va odamlarini Floridadagi Fort Marion qamoqxonasiga jo'natdi. Geronimo va Naiche ham taslim bo'lishga rozi bo'lishdi, lekin keyin bosh tortishdi, harbiylar Crookni olib ketishdi va general Nelson Milesni tayinlashdi, keyin Chatto va boshqa skautlarni bo'shatishdi.

Geronimo, taslim bo'lishidan oldin, butun hududni quvg'in qilishda 5000 askarni boshqarishda davom etdi. Geronimo hali ham AQSh bilan urushayotgani uchun, ehtimol uni va uning izdoshlarini qamoqqa jo'natish qandaydir ma'noga ega edi, lekin tinch Chatto bilan sodir bo'lgan voqea jinoyatchi edi.

Ikkita xoch

Hukumat taklifini uzaytirdi, 10 ta Apachi rezervi delegatsiyasi, shu jumladan Chatto, mamlakat poytaxtiga tashrif buyurib, Arizona shtatidan uzoqda joylashgan boshqa rezervatsiyaga ko'chib o'tishni muhokama qilishdi. Chatto va uning odamlari prezident Grover Klivlend va urush va ichki ishlar kotiblari bilan uchrashishdi va ular uy -joylarini va podalarini qurish uchun ko'p mehnat qilganliklarini ko'chirmoqchi emasliklarini aytishdi. Rasmiylar Chattoga kumush do'stlik medalini berishdi va u uyga qaytishi va agar uning qabilasi tinchlikda qolsa, ular baxtli hayot kechirishlarini va'da qilishdi. Keyin tasavvur qilishingiz mumkin bo'lgan eng katta dubl -xochlardan biri bo'lib o'tdi.

Chatto poezddan tushganda, u uyda, Arizona shtatida bo'lishini kutgandi, lekin hukumat poyezdni Floridaga yo'naltirdi. Chatto Fort Marionda harbiy asirga aylandi. U va uning delegatsiyasi 27 yil mahbus bo'lib qoladi.

Hukumat Xirikaxua tinchlik rezervining qolgan qismini yig'di. Geronimo va Naicening xotinlari va bolalari Fort Marionga yuborilgan, erkaklar esa yaqinlaridan ajralib, Fort Pikensga yuborilgan. 75 kishilik Fort -Marionda 500 ga yaqin qabilaviy hindular yashagan (va o'lmoqda).

Bolalar Pensilvaniya shtatidagi Carlisle hind sanoat maktabiga borishga majbur bo'lishdi, bu erda ularning katta qismi sil kasalligidan vafot etdi, jumladan Chatto o'g'li Horace va Geronimoning o'g'li Chappo. Chatto Karlislga yuborilishining oldini olish uchun 15 yoshli Xelen ismli qizga uylandi. U umrining oxirigacha u bilan qoldi va unga uchta o'g'il berdi.

Chatto o'sha paytda dunyo uchun o'lik edi. Uning ta'siri Hindiston huquqlari assotsiatsiyasi tomonidan qamoqxona sharoitlari to'g'risida o'tkazilgan tergov hisoboti orqali qayta tiklandi. Chatto yulduz guvohi va o'z qabilasining himoyachisi va vakili bo'ldi. Bu va Krukning bosimi hukumatni apache mahbuslarining hayotini yaxshilashga, birinchi navbatda, ularni Alabamadagi Vernon tog'li tog'iga va oxir -oqibat Oklaxoma shtatidagi Fort Sillga ko'chirishga undadi.

Garchi Chatto oxir -oqibat o'z xalqining hayotini yaxshilashga yordam bergan bo'lsa -da, dindan qaytgan Apachilar va ularning avlodlari umrining oxirigacha Chattoni chetlab o'tdilar. Bundan ham yomoni, Krukning va'dasiga qaramay, u rafiqasi Ishchosen va bolalarini boshqa ko'rmagan.

1913 yilda Chirikaxua Fort-Sillda qolish yoki Nyu-Meksiko shtatidagi Meskalero qo'riqxonasida yashash huquqini olganida, Chatto, Xelen, ularning yagona omon qolgan o'g'li Morris va boshqa 136 askar, Meskaleroni tanladi. . Chatto 1000 gektar maydonda gullab-yashnadi va tinchlikni sevuvchi lider bo'lib qoldi. Uning avlodlari hali ham o'sha erda yashaydilar.

Karyera translyatsiyasi jurnalisti, Jon Sandifer muallifi hisoblanadi Chatto va'dasi. U va uning rafiqasi Kiki navbatma -navbat Vashington shtatining Sietl shahrida va Arizona shtatining Bakey shahrida yashaydilar.

Tegishli xabarlar

Apacheria: Apache madaniyatining haqiqiy hikoyalari 1860-1920 & hellip tarixiga chuqur kirish.

Sonoran yollanma askarlari Esqueda, Sonora, Meksika yaqinida (hozirgi Duglas janubida, Arizona shtati), & hellip

Jon Breden o'nlab yillar mobaynida moshinachi haydovchi bo'lgan va hellipning oxirgi harakatida qahramon bo'lgan


Chatto - tarix

Rezerford 2012 yil iyul oyida CDSNA tomonidan taniqli va ittifoqdosh oila sifatida qabul qilindi.

Klan Rezerford veb -saytida shunday deyilgan:

Edgerston Rezerfurdlar - Rezerfurd klani boshlig'ining an'anaviy oilasi. Edgerston Jedburg janubida, Angliya bilan chegarada joylashgan. U asrlar davomida inglizlarning Shotlandiyaga bostirib kirishiga qarshi birinchi himoya chizig'i bo'lib xizmat qilgan. Shotlandiya olamining himoyachilari sifatida Edgerston Rezerfurdlari Klan Uyi va Klan Duglas bilan chambarchas bog'liq edi. Moliya vazirligi ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, Lord Jeyms Rezerfurd 1448 yilda Edgerstonga egalik qilgan. Edgerston 20 -asrgacha Rezerfurd mulkida qolgan. Bu XVI asrda Styuart Traquayrlar oilasiga uylangan, o'zini merosxo'r qilib ko'rsatgan yagona mulk edi. Oila Edgerstonni 1915 yilgacha ushlab turishga muvaffaq bo'ldi. 18 -asrda Bowland mulkida joylashgan kichik Rezerfurd liniyasi ham bor edi.

Rezerfurdlar, amakivachchalari Duglazlar singari, katta ehtimol bilan G'arbiy Flandriya va kuchli Erembald oilasiga borib taqaladi. Britaniyadagi bu ildizlarga ega bo'lgan boshqa oilalar - Ypres [Duglas], Furnes, Xarns, Lusi, Hacket va Qish oilalari. XI va XII asrlarda Flandriyada sodir bo'lgan siyosiy voqealar bu oilalarning hayotini o'zgartirib, ularni hozirgi Belgiyada boshlangan va Shotlandiya, Irlandiya, Amerika, Kanada, Yangi Zelandiya va Avstraliyada tugagan migratsion yo'lga majburlashi kerak edi. Rezerfordlar har doim Duglaslarga ergashgan - Flandriyada va Shotlandiyada. Shu sababli, ikkinchi darajali ish nazariyasi shuni ko'rsatadiki, Flandriyadagi Duglas oilasi tarixini batafsil o'rganish, albatta, Ruterfurdlarning kelib chiqishiga oydinlik kiritadi.

Uylar, Xopringl, Loders va Nisbetlar singari, Rezerfordlar ham Duglas boshliqlarining ajdodlari edi.

Rezerford uchun qo'shimcha dalillar FSAScot doktor Debora Richmond Fulkesning elektron pochtasidan keladi:

[email protected], 2005 yil 8 -fevral:

"Men bu ma'lumotni Herald va Seneschaldan boshliq - klan Rezerfurd, Gari Xardingga oldim. Glendonvin va Glendoning oilasi ma'lumotlariga ba'zi havolalarni o'z ichiga oladi."

Bu erda Huntill Rezerfordlarni Duglas oilasi va boyliklariga mahkam bog'laydigan ikkita alohida nasl -nasab bor. Duglaslarning qulashi ham Rezerfordlarning qulashidan darak berdi.

Bu elektron pochtaning bir qismi quyida keltirilgan va bundan oldin ham topilgan Glendinning.

12. Margaret Glendonvin m. Xantilni nikoh yo'li bilan sotib olgan Chattolik Robert Rezerford (1484, 05.1495 yil oldin), otasi Golland Chattoning sovg'asini tasdiqlagan edi (Sir Jorj Rezerford) 1429 yil 21 -noyabr, Archibald Duglasning 4 -chi grafi, aziz esquire (RCh) , Crown tasdig'i bilan 25 mart, 1439 (Ib GSda emas). 4 -Drumlanrig Uilyam Duglas - 1484 yil 22 -iyulda Kirtl jangida, Angliyadan bostirib kelgan amakivachchasi, 9 -Duglas grafiga qarshi toj uchun kurashda o'ldirilgan. - Robert Rezerford 1484 yilda Kirtl jangi bilan bir vaqtda qo'shildi. Chattolik Robert Rezerford Xantilni nikoh yo'li bilan sotib oldi, 1429 yil 21 -noyabrda Duglasning Archibald 4 -gvardiyasi Archibaldning Duglasning 4 -chi grafidan, Golland Chatto sovg'asini tasdiqlashi, 1439 yil 25 -mart, Crown tasdig'i bilan (Ib GSda emas) . 1437 yil noyabrda u to'rtta etakchi qarindoshlari bilan Jedburgda, Drumlanrigdan seriyali Uilyam Duglasning "Sharqiy Gavik Mains" dagi merosxo'ri edi (DB III? 371). 1464 yil 13 -iyulda u va uning rafiqasi Margaret abbatdan Jedburg Abbeyining xorida (MS 7,736) uylar (dafn joylari) bor edi. Gudning 1434 yilga kelib xorni dafn qilish uchun Rezerfordlar o'rtasida bo'linishi haqidagi bayonoti asossiz edi (IlkH lxi).

Robert 1464/5 yanvarda Jedburgda yana bir Duglas retourida xizmat qilgan (MS 7, 728). Vorisning tug'ilgan kunini taxmin qilish uchun Robert 1465 yil 12 -dekabrdan ancha oldin Ser Simon Glendinvin qizi Margaretga uylangan, ritsar ularga Screisburg shahri g'arbiy qismida va odatda "le Hunthil" deb nomlangan erlarni bergan. ularning avlodlari bir funt qalampir yoki 3s berish uchun o'z nomlarini olgan. Simonga, Jedburg va 40 -yillarning abbatiga besh ball. qal'a palatasi uchun podshohga (GS II N.899). Robert "Chatto" uslubida qoldi. U 1468 yil iyun oyida Dryburg Abbeyida, Ilk Jeyms Rezerford II bilan Lauder merosining bir qismini (MS 12, Ilova V! II, 121) bo'luvchi boshqalar o'rtasida tuzilgan bitimga guvoh bo'lgan (1471 yil may oyida Edinburgda) Uilyam Lord Abernetining xartiyasi. Uolter Ker "(MS 14, & gtApp III, 21). Jorj va Richard bilan, shubhasiz, uning o'g'illari, u 1486 yil aprelda Jedburgda Jon to'rtinchi lord Maksvellning ta'tilida edi (Caer va gtII, 443).

Xantill Rezerfordlariga bag'ishlangan veb -saytida, Gari Rezerford yozadi & hellip

Hunthill kursantining avlodi Chatto serjeri Rezerford edi. Chatto va Xantill - Shotlandiyaning Roksburgshir shtatidagi bir -biriga yaqin qadimiy mulklar. Hunthill Jedburg yaqinida, shaharning janubi -sharqida joylashgan va Chatto Jordburgdan deyarli sharqda, Northumberland chegarasi yaqinida joylashgan. Keyinchalik oila ser Jorj va o'g'li Robertning hayotida "Hunthill & rdquo" uslubiga ega edi. Chattolik Sir Jorj Rezerford, Duglasning 4 -chi grafi Archibald Duglasning boshlig'i edi.

Shotlandiyadagi Rezerford shajarasi va Xantil Rezerfordlarning markazida kuchli Qora Duglazlar va ularning qarindoshlari Glendonvinlar oilasi va nasl -nasabi bor. Glendonvinlar, bugungi kunda Glendenninglar deb ataladi va Robert Bryusning yuragini Ispaniyaga olib ketgan "Yaxshi ser Jeyms" ning to'g'ridan -to'g'ri avlodlari bo'lib, u erda Murlar tomonidan o'ldirilgan. Bu uzoq va rang -barang hikoya, bu Duglas gerblarining manbai bo'lib, ular inson qalbini zaryad sifatida yuklaydi. Rezerfordlar va Glendonvinlar Duglaslar oilasi bilan "uy va xoppringl" oilalari bilan birgalikda "scutifers" yoki squires edi. Sir Robert Ruterford va rsquosning rafiqasi Margaret Glendonvin, Duglasning 4 -chi grafi va Jonning qizi Margaret Styuartning qizi edi. Styuart, Shotlandiya qiroli Robert III.

Margaret Glendonvin va rsquosning otasi - Glendonvin va Partondan bo'lgan Simon Glendonvin (1455), Aleksandr Lindsayning qizi Elizabet Lindsi bilan turmush qurgan, Kroufordning 2 -chi grafi va Dunbarning Marjori (Margaret) Gospatrik avlodi. Aleksandr Lindseyning xolasi Agnes Dunbar, Sir Jeyms Duglasning rafiqasi edi - Dalkeytning birinchi xo'jayini, shuningdek, Simon Glendonvinning buyuk xolasi edi. Hunthill gerbi Morton Duglas gerbidan olingan uchta ehtirosli mixga ega. Ser Saymon Glendonvinning qizi Margaret Glendonvin Chatto shahridan Robert Robert Rezerford bilan turmush qurgan (1484 y.

05.1495) va Roxburghshir shtatidagi Hunthill deb nomlangan erni nikoh orqali sotib oldi. Sir Robert Rezerford 1429 yil 21 -noyabrda Duglasning 4 -chi Archibald grafidan, "aziz esquire" sifatida, 1439 yil 25 -martda Crown tasdig'i bilan, marhum otasining Golland Chatto sovg'asini tasdiqlagan.

Shotlandiya uchun qadimiy yodgorliklar bo'yicha Qirollik komissiyasining Roxburghshir inventarizatsiyasiga Hunthill uyining shimoli-g'arbiy devoriga o'rnatilgan o'rta asrlarning o'yma tosh paneli o'rnatilgan: "Yuqori va yon tomonlarida kichik pateralar bor, yuqori burchaklarida rozet va Qalqon zaryadlangan: Orle ichida uchta ehtirosli mix va uchta martlet, Xantill va Chattu Rezerford uchun.

Hunthill yoki Chatto kursanti o'z ismini Rezerford va/yoki Rezerford deb yozadi. Longnewton, Bankend, Littleheuch, Capehope, Ladfield, Knowsouth va Kidheugh oilasidan ko'plab kichik chiziqlar mavjud. Ehtimol, ba'zilari Hunthill kelib chiqishi, lekin hozircha isbotlanmagan. Rezerfordlarning Amerikada Nisbet-Kreyling hududidan ko'plab avlodlari bor-Vigton-Uolkerlar, Paxtang, PA, Tomas Rezerfordning avlodlari, Uolker va Rsquos-Krikdan Jeyms Rezerfordning avlodlari, Cub-Krikdan Jeyms Rezerfordning avlodlari, VA va general Griffit Rezerfordning avlodlari.

Jon Rezerford I ning Hunthill qurollari [c. 1510 va ndash 1577]: "Yoki orle gulesidagi uchta ehtirosli mix, va ikkinchisining tumshug'i bo'lgan uchta martlet sable."

Blazon & rsquos tarjimasi = Oltin qalqon ustiga qizil bo'sh [bo'sh] qalqon qo'yilgan. Oltin qalqonning yuqori qismida tumshug'i qizil, qora oyoqsiz uchta qush bor. Qizil qalqonning ichki qismidan osilgan uchta uchburchak qoziq yoki mix.

Xordon Gordonlarining xo'rozidan [qizil xo'rozdan] damlamali [oltin va qizil] va 3 ta qoziq tilla bilan bezatilgan. Uchta qoziq, shuningdek, ehtiros-mixlar deb nomlanadi, Isoni xochga mixlash uchun ishlatilgan va Mortonlik Duglasning qo'lidan olingan uchta mixga ishora qiladi.

shiori: "Provyd" - "Xudo hamma narsani beradi"

- 1. Ser Jorj Rezerford va Jonet Rezerfurd

Rezerfordning Chatto mulki bilan aloqasi 1424 yilda Tomas Chattoning mag'lubiyatidan ko'p o'tmay, Duglasning 4 -gvardiyasi Archibald Jorj Rezerfordga Holland Chatto, Janubiy Sharplav, Eddillukluch va Xangandshou nizomini berganida boshlangan (Shotlandiya tengdoshi. Ed JB Pol, 9) jildlar (1904-14)). "Georgius de Ruterfurde, skutifer" sifatida Edinburgda 1413/4 yil 29 -fevraldan oldin Duglasning 4 -chi Archibald tomonidan Wedderburn xartiyasiga guvoh bo'lgan (Shotlandiya Buyuk muhrining reestri, tahr. J. M. Tomson va boshqalar, 11 jildlar. (1882-1914) II N.189).

1414 yil 7 -iyulda Jorj Rezerford Lochmaben qal'asida Maykl de Ramsayga (Archibald Duglas) boshqa bir nizomni imzoladi (shu erda, N. 70).

Dumfries va Gallowaydagi Lochmaben qal'asi Qora Duglasning qal'asi edi. Chegaraga yaqin bo'lgani uchun u ko'p marta qo'lga olingan va qaytarib olingan. Lochmaben, shuningdek, Bryus oilasining qarorgohi bo'lgan va da'vo qilinishicha, Robert Bryus (qirol Robert I) o'sha erda tug'ilgan, bu da'vo Ayrshirdagi Ternberri qal'asi nomidan bahslashgan. Lochmabenga 1455 yilda qirollik qal'asi maqomi berildi. Sir Jorj Rezerford 1429/30 yil 6 -fevralgacha vafot etdi. Chetlik Jorj Rezerfordning Jonet relikti va Robert Lorenning xo'jayini Gomilkoll xo'jayini Patrik o'rtasidagi kelishuv sanasi.

--2. Robert Rezerford Chatto

Robert Xantilni nikoh yo'li bilan sotib oldi, 1429 yil 21 -noyabrda Duglasning 4 -chi gubernatori Arxibaldning otasi Golland Chatto sovg'asini tasdiqladi, 1439 yil 25 -martda Crown tasdig'i bilan (Rezerford nizomlari, Ro'yxatdan o'tish uyida, Edinburg).

Xantil Rezerfordlari va boshqa Rezerford oilalariga bag'ishlangan boshqa veb -sayt quyidagi ma'lumotlarni joylashtiradi:

Rezerfordlar uylar bilan nikoh va klan Lauder orqali to'g'ridan -to'g'ri kelib chiqishi bilan bog'liq. Clan Home -ning sept sifatida biz mag'rurlik bilan Clan Home tartanini kiyamiz. Clan Home va Clan Rutherfurd Shotlandiya chegaralarida qadimiy va rang -barang uyushmaga ega. Ikkala oila ham kuchli "Qora Duglazlar" ning boshlig'i bo'lib xizmat qilishgan va bugun & rsquos boshlig'i bu ikki klanni Duglas-Uy nomi bilan birlashtirgan.

Va qaysi tortan Rezerford uchun mos ekanligi haqida shunday bayonot beradi:

Har qanday Rezerfurd yoki Rezerford uchun birinchi tanlov [tartan] uy tartani, ikkinchisi Duglas bo'ladi.

Foulkes, doktor Debora R.,, FSAScot. 2005 yil 8-fevral. Elektron pochta.

Ning o'xshashligi Rezer yoki Rezerford familiyasiga Rezerfort oddiy tasodifdan ko'ra ko'proq ko'rinadi. Ehtimol, Karruters va Rezerford bir oilaning filiallari bo'lishlari mumkinmi? Buni aniqlash uchun ko'proq tadqiqotlar o'tkazish kerak.


Samuel va Artur Chatto bilan tanishish: malika Margaretning nabiralari

Qirollik kuzatuvchilarining eng burgut ko'zlari allaqachon Samuel va Artur Chatto haqida xabardor bo'lishlari mumkin. Lady Sara Chatto va Daniel Chattoning o'g'illari, 23 yoshli Sem va 21 yoshli Artur qirolichaning buyuk jiyanlari bo'lib, taxtga mos ravishda 25 va 26-o'rinlarni egallaydilar. Ikkala o'g'il ham Eton kollejida o'qishdi, Edinburg universitetiga san'at tarixi bo'yicha o'qish uchun ketishdi (Sem hozir bitirgan, Artur esa hali talaba). Ammo o'xshash traektoriyalarga qaramay, aka -ukalarning manfaatlari juda boshqacha.

Katta qirollik oilasidan farqli o'laroq, ularning oiladagi mavqei, o'g'il bolalar ijtimoiy tarmoqlar qoidalaridan ozod bo'lishini anglatadi, bu ularning shaxsiyati va sevimli mashg'ulotlari haqida tushuncha beradi. Sem o'zining rassomchiligiga va badiiy jihatlariga ega bo'lgan onasiga ergashadi - uning o'ziga xos ishtiyoqi kulolchilikdir. Sem "o'zimni tijorat san'ati bozorida ishlagan uch oylik ishimdan umuman ilhomlanmaganimni" bilib, hamma narsani o'z qo'liga oldi va endi o'zini "britaniyalik rassom va ishlab chiqaruvchi, loydan ishlayotgan yog'ochdan yasalgan funktsional va haykalli keramika yaratish uchun" deb ta'riflaydi. , G'arbiy Sasseksdagi uyim va studiyamdan.


Barabanning qisqacha tarixi

Aytishlaricha, baraban odamlarning eng qadimiy musiqali zarb asbobidir.
U har qanday shakl va o'lchamda keladi. Dastlab u kichik va qurilishda oddiy edi. Faqat terining bir qismi ichi bo'sh ignabargli uchiga cho'zilgan. Kaltaklar yoki suyaklar kaltak sifatida ishlatilgan. Aniqlanishicha, har xil o'lchamdagi barabanlarga ega bo'lib, turli xil tonna ranglar va kontrastni yaratish mumkin edi.

Baraban janglarda askarlarga signal berish vositasi sifatida ham, shovqin yaratish va dushmanga qo'rquvni qo'zg'atish uchun ham ishlatilgan. Keyinchalik baraban musiqiy ma'noda, harbiy orkestr uchun ritm va dinamikani yaratish uchun ishlatilgan. Tinchlik davrida, konsert yoki raqs guruhi uchun. Buyuk Britaniyada, 1800 -yillarning o'rtalarida Britaniya armiyasi tarkibida Shotlandiya tog'li polklari tuzilishi bilan biz Batalyon quvurlari tasmalarining shakllanishini ko'rishimiz kerak edi. Tez orada fuqarolik quvurlari guruhlari ham paydo bo'ladi. 19 -asrning oxiriga kelib, qaysi quvur guruhi mahalliy chempion bo'lganligini aniqlash uchun musobaqalar o'tkaziladi. Buning ortidan tuman va respublika birinchiligi bo'ladi. Eventually there would follow a competition titled, “The Worlds’ Pipe Band Championships”.

When we think of pipe bands, we naturally think of Scotland. While the Great Highland Bagpipe has been a National musical instrument of Scotland, for the past 200 or more years Scots have migrated and settled in many countries throughout the world. There they have introduced their musical and traditional culture. This has been firmly established in countries such as, Canada, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Asia, just to name just a few.
It is interesting to note that some other European nations also have the bagpipe as part of their musical heritage and culture. Galicia in Spain, Brittany in France and also in a number of smaller European and North African countries have pipe bands.

The drum, particularly the snare drum, is termed “an instrument of indefinite pitch”. That is to say, its’ pitch can not be easily or accurately changed. How did drummers learn to play the drum? From the earliest times there was obviously some form of rudiments devised so that many drummers could play in unison. Of course there was then as there is today, only …”two drum sounds”. They are …”The TAP and the ROLL”. But there are a great many variations and permutation patterns adding variety to these fundamentals.
In the early days drum rudiments and patterns or scores were taught by “Rote”. It seems to be agreed historically that some form of Military snare drum score notation was in use at least in the 17th century. Patterns or regulated beatings would all have to be memorized. The drum was widely used in warfare in England and elsewhere to give signals for the soldiers to „Troop, Advance, March or Retreat etc. There was an English Royal Warrant issued in 1632, defining the drum sequence for the„”Voluntary before the March” and “The March”. Following is an example of the type of drum score notation used.
These beatings would no doubt be typical of what was played by many military drummers of the time. The following is an example of part of “The March” shown in the Royal Warrant of 1632.

Later the drum would accompany the fife and so “Drum and Fife Bands” were born. The Fife is a very old instrument, originally having only five sound holes. Later more holes and also keys were added to extent the range of the instrument.

From here drummers in Britain, North America and in many European countries such as France and Switzerland, seemed to adapt the standard “five line” musical staff to show drumming notation. The note head for the Snare Drum score was usually shown on the “C” space of the Treble Clef stave. The Bass Drum part when included was usually shown on the “F” space. It was not unusual to see the fingering for the snare drum beat patterns written below the notation as: RLRR LRLL RRL etc.

It would seem likely that in this era, that the fundamental rudiments, such as. The Single Tap, The Double Top, The Paradiddle and Roll, came to be standard elements. Later would come the Embellishments such as…The Flam and The Drag.

Potters of London and Aldershot, the famous English drum makers show these basic rudiments in later editions of their 19th century “Drum, Flute and Bugle Duty Tutor”. (1886). However George B. Bruce published …”The Drummers and Fifers Guide”, in New York, USA, in 1865. This Tutor defines drumming notation on the five line staff and shows a series of standard rudiments. From the Foreword, it indicates that this system had been established in the United States Military as early as 1812. It is claimed that Daniel D. Emmett wrote the first Drummers Manual for the United States Army in the 1820’s. George Bruce and Dan Emmett also combined in 1861 to publish in New York, a “Drummers and Fifers Guide”.

In 1933, in Chicago USA, a group of drummers from all over the country came together to discus methods of teaching drumming. They all agreed on a set of “the thirteen Rudiments of Drumming”. Later a further thirteen rudiments were added to this list to form the “Twenty six Essential Rudiments of Drumming”. Soon the “National Association of Rudimental Drummers” was founded. In a very short time their world wide membership included a number of the leading pipe band drummers in Scotland. In 1962, the NARD published a book containing 150 solo score written by their members.

In Switzerland, particularly in the city of Basle, where snare drumming had evolved both in the Army and in civilian Drum and Fife bands (known as Cliques), for over four hundred years. Their drum scores were written in a series of “codes”. However in 1928, Dr Fritz Berger, a noted Basel Drummer, devised a new notation system for the drummer. This used the standard form of musical notation values etc. However only a “single line staff” was used. The Right hand tap or roll was shown by a note head… above the line and the Left hand tap or roll, with a note head below the line. He called it …”The Monolinear System of Notation”.

Following are some examples of notation from these early publications: - An example of drum score notation, Henry Potter Tutor, 1886. - An example of drum score notation, Geo. Bruce’s Tutor, 1865. - An example from …Dr Fritz Berger’s Tutor 1928. - An example from the …NARD Drum Solo collection. (1933) 1962.

But was happening in Scotland. Well we know that military pipe bands were introduced into the Highland Regiments in the mid 1800’s. Civilian pipe bands no doubt soon followed. Pipe Band competitions were introduced in a small way at local Highland Games. These Gatherings had been firmly established in Scotland since the early 18th century, at which Solo Piping competitions were firmly established.

The Cowal Highland Games in Dunoon is credited with being the oldest venue in Scotland where pipe band competitions have been continuously been held since early this century. In 1906 the Cowal Committee introduced competitions for Military pipe bands and in 1909 and with the _support of the late (Sir) Harry Lauder, competitions, for civilian pipe bands.

The late Drum Major John Seton, of the Glasgow Police and the 93rd Highlanders pipe bands, must be credited with introducing and the establishing pipe band drum notation in Scotland. He greatly assisted with others, of raising the standard of pipe band drumming. In 1924, John Seton combined with Pipe Major Willie Gray to publish the “Collection of Highland Bagpipe Music and Drum Settings”. This book contained many drumming exercises and scores. Prior to this time, drummers in the pipe band would have relied heavily on Drum and Fife Tutor Books, to learn the fundamentals of drumming and musical notation. In the Seton Tutor the Snare Drum score notation is shown in the “C” space of the Treble Clef, with stems turned up wards. The Bass Drum part is shown in the “A” space with the stems turned down. Where only the Snare Drum notation only is shown, the note stems are turned downwards.

In the 1920’s it was the great teacher and innovator of pipe band drumming, Drum Major Jimmy Catherwood of the Dalzell Highland Pipe Band, who would lead and inspire pipe band drummers to develop new techniques. Jimmy’s style and technique gave a much greater rhythmic and dynamic variety to the presentation.

Drum Major Jimmy Catherwood’s drum corps won many Worlds’ Championships in this era and many famous names passed through the corps. Gordon Jelly and Alex Duthart, just to name two.

Here is an example of part of a snare drum score written by Jimmy Catherwood in 1937 and played by one of his pupils, Jim Dalrymple in the SPBA Solo Championships in the following year.

In the City of Glasgow during the 1930’s, there was another great drummer both playing in leading pipe bands and teaching many champion drum corps. This was Drum Major Alex D. Hamilton. He was also a professional orchestral drummer. He too had a wide perspective of drumming and percussion. In 1931, “A.D.” published a book titled, “DRUM SCORES”, A series of Advanced Beatings to Popular Pipe Tunes. The Snare, Tenor and Bass score are three braced staves. An example is shown below.

Jack Seton (the son of John) was Leading drummer of the Glasgow Police Pipe Band from the 30’s till the late 1940’s. He was followed by Alex McCormick, who was also a great drumming innovator and player.

In 1934 with Book 1. and in 1936, with Book 2, we saw two further interesting publications for the pipe band drummer. These were the “ARMY MANUAL” of Bagpipe Tunes and Drum Beatings for Massed Pipes and Drums. Initially published for the Scottish Highland Regiments within the British Army, these books filled a need for many young student drummers and Massed drum corps performances.

Drum Major A.D. Hamilton was later to become one of the founder members of the Scottish Pipe Band Association, “Pipe Band College”. A respected Drumming Adjudicator of the SPBA, Alex was also a member of the SPBA College sub committee, that formulated the Association’s first “Tutor and Text Book”, Volume 1. Elementary level). This was first published in Glasgow in 1962.

After World War 2, there were three other interesting drumming publications. Firstly in Glasgow in 1951, was “The Gaelic Collection”. Forty pages of advanced snare drum scores by Willie Paterson of the Clan Macrae Pipe Band and Alex McCormick of the Glasgow Police. Both former Worlds Champions. In 1953, we saw the “Edcath Collection”. This contained compositions by leading Scottish pipers together with many snare drum scores by some of Scotland’s then greatest exponents. Also early in the 1950’s, Drum Major John Seton, now living in New Zealand, published his second tutor and collection of drum scores. This popular book was titled, “Fifty Years behind the Drum”. Many scores included were played by winning drum corps at the Worlds Pipe Band Championships during the 1930’s. Some “modern” rudiments were also included. Since then there have been a number of excellent publications for the pipe band drummer. The Scottish Pipe Band Association in Glasgow published their “Tutor and Text Book”, Volume 1 in 1962. A revised edition (Elementary) was published in 1978. This was followed by Book 2 (Intermediate Level) in 1971.

These tutor books were well received as they also contained the syllabus for the then various levels of SPBA College Examination Certification. They were widely welcomed and benefited drummers in many countries throughout the world. In the early 1980’s, the Music Board of the RSPBA agreed that both the piper and the drummer should extend their musical knowledge. Now “Ensemble” was the key word. For many years there had always been in pipe band competitions, a prize for the “best drum corps” at most competitions. Bands were now being encouraged to adopt a more “integrated approach” in their performance.

Within the pipe band movement in Northern Ireland, the Piping and Drumming School of the RSPBA (N.I.Branch) was of a similar opinion. This saw the publication by P/M Sam Baille in 1982, of the “Integrated Approach”, together with Graded Lessons. The Music Board of the RSPBA also began compiling the first of three “Structured Learning” manuals. Volume 1 was published in 1987. This was followed by two further manuals in 1989 and 1990. The three covered the RSPBA College Examination Syllabus for the Certification requirement for the Elementary, Intermediate and Advanced levels for both pipers and drummers.

There have also been a number of other very interesting tutor books, audio tapes and collections published especially for the pipe band drummer in the 1980’s and the 1990’s.
These include the following:

  1. The AFPBA (Australia) “Drumming Instruction Manual” 1983
  2. D/M Wilson Young, “Drum Tutor”, Book 1 and Book 2, together with audio tapes. Glazgo
  3. “The Alex Duthart Book 1 “, Newmains, Scotland. 1987. 4) “The Alex Duthart Book 2 “. Newmains, Scotland. 1988 yil
  4. The RNZPBA, New Zealand “Kickstart Drum Tutor”
  5. Book 1 and Book 2, “Two Bar Phrases for Pipe Band Snare Drumming”, by John Kerr, Toronto, Canada 1981
  6. “Learn to Play the Pipe Band Snare Drum”, together with 2 x 60 audio tapes. A. Chatto, 1992

There have also been a small number of limited edition publications by foremost leading drummers in Scotland and in other parts of the world. So in all, today’s student of the art of pipe band drumming has a great number of reference publications and tutor books at their disposal. The older publications do give an insight into the progress and development of the art. There are many of these older groupings and rudiments which still do have their place in the “modern” pipe band drummer’s repertoire.

This I hope, gives a very brief but concise over view of the progression and development of drumming rudiments, notation and many published works of particular interest to the student of pipe band drumming.

We can see that the same fundamental rudiments are required to be learnt by today’s student drummer as they were nearly four hundred years ago.

But modern technology has helped to “improve the sound” of the instrument allowing for faster, cleaner and more accurate beating. This of course still requires the student to apply great dedication and practise to perfect stick control, rhythm, expression and the subtle use of dynamics. For some, with good instruction, the road may be easier, but never the less even the most gifted must travel the same pathway to success. It all must be a rhythmic accompaniment to enhance the melody. The feeling comes much from within, in addition to what is quite obvious to the listener or to the Drumming Adjudicator. Keep on with the practise and it will all come good in the end.


Meet Samuel Chatto, the Queen's great-nephew who just turned 24

One of Queen Elizabeth's great-nephews has celebrated his birthday and my, isn't he grown up?

Samuel Chatto turned 24 on July 28, making him the monarch's eldest of her four great-nieces and great-nephews.

He is the son of Lady Sarah Chatto and Daniel Chatto, who recently celebrated their 26th wedding anniversary .

Lady Sarah is the daughter of Princess Margaret and Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon.

Sam and his brother, Arthur, 21, have been described as the royal family's "most handsome members" by the British press.

And after a quick look the brothers' Instagram accounts, we have to agree.

Sam is also one of the world's most eligible royals, but there is much more to him than his looks.

He is a sculptor, perhaps following in his parents' footsteps Daniel Chatto is an artist while Lady Sarah is a painter.

Sam's interest is in pottery, describing himself as always having "a strong affinity with creating objects".

He recently began selling his "functional and sculptural wood fired ceramics" made inside his home studio in West Sussex.

Sam Chatto is also a trained yoga teacher, having completed his studies in India. (Instagram/samchatto)

"I intend, to the best of my ability, to create beautiful and well made objects, and to engage with the materials I am using in multiple ways, through the utilisation of a diverse range of techniques, including throwing, hand building, casting, and sculpting, informed by both ancient and contemporary practice," Sam writes on his website .

He has taken inspiration from visits to Scotland, Japan and India, where he spent six months training to become a qualified yoga teacher in 2018.

Samuel Chatto with his parents Lady Sarah Chatto and Daniel Chatto and brother Arthur Chatto, at the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in 2018. (Instagram/artchatto)

Sam studied Art History at the University of Edinburgh – much like Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, who majored in the same subject at St Andrew's.

And like Kate's husband Prince William, and Prince Harry, Sam and his brother attended Eton College.

The brothers were guests at Prince Harry's wedding in 2018, posing with their parents outside Windsor Castle.

Arthur Chatto is active on Instagram and is currently raising money for the British Red Cross. (Instagram/artchatto)

Arthur's Instagram account is full of pictures showing him travelling the world and posing shirtless, but it has recently turned to a more serious theme.

He's currently raising money for the British Red Cross to help in their response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Arthur is taking part in a rowing challenge around the UK to raise the money, which will also help Just One Ocean, a charity dedicated to raising awareness of plastic pollution.